Can you imagine a world where machines carry out the tasks that we human beings carry out? Actually, it is no longer necessary to imagine much, since a large number of the activities we carry out are carried out with the help of machines and, many others can already be programmed to be carried out automatically.
All this is just an indication of what awaits us tomorrow. Some futurists, in view of the great technological advances, think that, shortly, robots will populate the planet and that, little by little, they will even displace the human race, which could lead us to our extinction.
Regardless of whether this fatalistic prophecy is fulfilled or not, the truth is that artificial intelligence has been gaining a lot of ground in recent decades. Things that, in the past, we could only imagine, have become a reality and are even part of our daily lives.
Artificial intelligence is already used in different fields, such as medicine, education, entertainment and even in legislation. Yes, as strange as it may seem, it has already begun to be used in law.
If you are a lawyer or your work is related to laws and compliance with them, this topic will surely attract your attention. How does the use of artificial intelligence benefit Law? How is artificial intelligence used as a tool for procedural work?
If you are interested in knowing the answers to these and other questions, or want to delve deeper into the subject, you have come to the right place. In this post, you will find very interesting details about artificial intelligence and the use that is being given to it today, so that you can take full advantage of these valuable tools.
Instructions for using artificial intelligence as a procedural work tool
Artificial intelligence is nothing more than the combination of algorithms designed with the aim of creating machines that have the same capabilities as human beings, and, despite not being fully aware of it, it is present in our day a day.
There are different types of artificial intelligence. In the field of Law, it refers to a branch of legal informatics, which deals with the performance of any type of tasks that humans carry out rationally, but with machines.
It is the automation of activities that are related to human thought, such as decision-making, conflict resolution and even learning itself.
These systems must have the ability to copy the characteristics that are generally related to the intelligence of the human being. This intelligent system also manifests a behavior similar to that of the human being at the moment in which it faces a problem and, in a blind conversation; it would be really difficult to differentiate who is the machine and who is the human.
Some of the characteristics of an intelligent system are the following:
- It may be linked with other information transfer and conversion systems.
- Has a great deal of knowledge about a given problem. This knowledge is the result of experience and carries out reasoning very similar to what any person would do when faced with a problem.
- Operates with qualitative and quantitative data.
- It has the ability to issue opinions based on vague and even incomplete data.
- You can even interrupt the line of reasoning, in order to deal with another matter and then return to the previous reasoning.
- You can also have external interfaces and even query a database. That is, having the ability to communicate with others and interact in different environments.
What do you need to use artificial intelligence as a procedural work tool?
- The main application of artificial intelligence in the field of Law is knowledge-based legal systems and is intended to help make decisions at the judicial level.
- However, the fact that they contribute to solving very specific problems must be taken into account. Some of them are:
- Type 1 convergent problem. In this case, the solution criterion is known from the beginning, just as it is in the case of puzzles.
- Type 2. In this case, the solution to the problem is not explicit, but it can be determined, as in the case of logical demonstrations and mathematics. As expected, in this case, there are multiple solutions and the state of solution can be determined as a decision, as is the case with court disputes.
- This legal expert system can formulate different solutions to different legal matters, by applying expert knowledge in the matter. In addition, he has the ability to explain his reasoning. They are assistance tools for all legal agents in areas such as legal assistance or the jurisdictional function.
- They differ from legal document retrieval systems, in the sense that these are nothing more than large digital stores of texts, while legal expert systems try to imitate some cognitive processes carried out by legal operators, such as lawyers, prosecutors, judges, etc., who are guided by the information processing rules of the legal profession.
- This system is made up of:
- A knowledge base. This consists of the symbolic representation of certain objects and facts that participate in the performance of a task. In relation to its content, he is in charge of determining not only the field of activity, but also the problems that the system can solve.
- An inference engine. This device displays patterns and sequences of reasoning and searching through a knowledge base, which makes it possible for the system to find solutions to the problems that have been set before it.
- The interface with the user. This is the part of the system that makes it possible for the user to have contact with him and obtain the advice he requires. This contact occurs through an interrogation, where the machine collects useful information about the specific problem. This is of the utmost importance, since the system does not offer solutions on its own. This depends on the user’s interaction with the program.
Tips for using artificial intelligence as a procedural work tool
Currently, the Law has a very useful tool, it is the SIES. This is a prototype of sentences that has a database made up of the form and form requirements that are taken into account in a family law sentence.
The structure of its system is made up of a database of the different judicial procedures, the data of the demand, the response and the analysis of the evidence, the confessions, the testimonies and the presumptions.
In order to program this system, it was necessary not only to know, but also to master all the applications of logic in the field of law, as well as all its variants.
The novelty of this project is the use of shells or structures that support the design of information as required by the applied science. In the legal field, it makes it possible to define the text using heuristics, inference and the recognition of different patterns, as well as the combination of some of these symbolic forms.
With respect to its software, its design has minimal characteristics, in order that it can be used by as many computers as possible.
The use of artificial intelligence as a procedural work tool could help judges structure reasoning so that they can resolve conflicts and issue sentences, which would mean a great advantage, since these programs have the ability to imitate cognitive processes.